The different types of Irrigation for Plants in Indoor Growing
Watering or irrigation is an essential part of indoor growth, it cools the plants' system, provides structural support, takes part in various metabolic activities, and most importantly helps in the translocation of essential minerals from growing medium to different plant parts. Plant cells can be considered as balloons, when they are properly filled with water, then plant is standing in upright conditions, and when they are empty, plants are wilted, and this condition gives a clear indication that plants need watering.
Depending on the species of plants and environmental conditions in growing rooms, frequent and light irrigations should be applied to support plant growth and development. Plants are sensitive creations and should be constantly provided with the essential requirements. If growers fail to irrigate on time, or irrigating frequency is less then plants may reach at the permanent wilting point, and at this stage, plants cannot get recover from the shock. So, irrigation should be properly managed according to the growing conditions plant needs.
If plants are properly irrigated, then the transpiration process is ensured that is escape of invisible water contents from stomata of plant leaves. This water is pulled by roots from growing media, and if there is no water content in growing media, plant roots will not be able to supply water to plant cells. Although, shape and rigidity of the plant is maintained by the production of cellulose, but if water content in plants is not optimum, then cellulose will not be able to efficiently perform its function.
Soil is acting like a sponge for growing plants and it allows movement of air and water in its macropores and micropores. Water contents in soil should be managed according to the requirement of plants and both under irrigation and overirrigation will be creating problems. A proper drainage system should also be used to ensure proper air circulation in the soil. As excessive irrigation and wetting can fill all soil pores, so plan roots, bacteria, and other life in soil will not be able to breathe. Such conditions can be avoided by knowing the moisture status of the soil before applying irrigation.
Growers can irrigate plants by any method, including hand irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation, and irrigation in the form of mist. All of these irrigation systems work well and ensures excellent growth of plants if properly managed. While, sprinkler and drip irrigation ensure efficient use of water, but maybe expensive to install. They allow complete and automated control over the irrigation system and is especially good in the water-scarce areas. Misting is essential as it is evenly applied to all the plant parts and maintains a good level of humidity in the growing room environment. Additionally, it washes away all the dirt from plants and offers lavish and greener looks. So, this is an excellent option to save both water, and money that can be then used for some other purpose.
In this system of irrigation small droppers and tubes are used to carry water from a reservoir or container and will supply water to each growing plant. Bomblets devices or timers are adjusted to this system to avoid the risk of over-irrigation and under irrigation. One of the best advantages of this system is that only the required level of water will be applied to the plants, not even a single drop more, and not even a single drop less.
Just like drip irrigation, the sprinkler irrigation system is also completely automated. The only difference is that in drip irrigation water is applied to the individual plants, but sprinkler irrigation disperse water over plants. It is also a beneficial technique of applying water to the plants as water is evenly distributed and puddling and messy conditions are avoided. However, the system needs proper care and maintenance as in rainy seasons, there will be certain growth of microorganisms and some algal and fungal blooms, so the complete system should be properly cleaned.
If resources are limited and growers cannot afford the expensive installation of irrigation systems, manual irrigation is not a bad choice. It also allows good control of the growing plants and growers can irrigate according to the rotating schedules for irrigation. However, an automatic irrigation system is helpful to save time and daily based irrigation efforts. Either grower is busy at home, or is wandering around, traveling, or shopping this system will be working on its own and will be irrigating water according to the adjusted schedule.
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