Improving Garden Soil Without Compost Addition

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Improving Garden Soil Without Compost Addition

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The quality and health of garden soil can be greatly improved without using compost heaps and piles. Although, compost is an excellent way to improve the physical, biological, and chemical properties of soil, but some gardeners do not prefer to add compost due to personal interests. 

Moreover, compost making is a time-consuming task due to composting rules and purchasing compost from the market is quite expensive. But there is nothing to worry about this aspect, as garden soil can be improved without the addition of compost. Other than making compost at home by using a compost bin, compost worms or composters, some important leftover parts of food can be added to soil to improve its health and quality. In this article, some alternatives to improve garden soil will be discussed. 

Addition of Banana Skin 

Banana skin

Adding banana skin to the soil adds a good level of nutrients (sodium, potassium, phosphates, sulfur, magnesium, and calcium) in the plow layer of soil. However, before adding, gardeners should simply cut the skin into smaller pieces. Smaller particles will be easily decomposed by the microorganisms, and soil quality can be greatly improved in much less time. Other than adding the banana skin to the compost bin in the kitchen, its smaller pieces can be directly added to garden soil. 

Egg Shells 

egg shells

Many gardeners never throw the eggshells, and they incorporate these into the garden soil. Eggshell is also used as a compost item, but its addition to soil is also a good approach. The addition of eggshells adds a good amount of calcium in the soil and improves soil drainage and aeration. However, before adding eggshells should be properly crushed and dried. They also prevent the rotting, and disease attacks on many plants. The use of eggshells after even grinding can best serve the purpose of repelling pests from vegetables and fruit plants. Evenly ground eggshells perform the function of broken glass, and causes the deterring of snails, and slugs. So, by adding the ground eggshells to the garden you can greatly improve your garden soil. 

Add Coffee Grounds 

Coffee Grounds

The addition of coffee grounds to the soil is an excellent way to improve soil structure, quality, and health. Coffee grounds also work as fertilizer and increases organic matter contents in the soil. Additionally, it also helps to improve water holding capacity, soil drainage, and soil aeration. Although, coffee grounds are compostable, but they can be added to soil directly from the coffee cup. 

The use of coffee grounds in the optimum amount never affects pH levels of the soil. Furthermore, its concentrated application around acid-loving plants can help to improve their growth instantly. Coffee grounds are a favorite food of earthworm, and the burrowing and soil altering activities of earthworms can be significantly increased by applying coffee grounds. 

Addition of Peat Moss 


Peat moss is an excellent replacement of compost and its structure is also similar to aged compost. Its application helps to reduce the density of clay soils and also improves the water-holding and retention capacity of the lighter soils. Often it is available at cheaper rates and can be purchased from landscaping supplying company or landscapers. 

Addition of Fallen Leaves, Straws, and Scraps 

Fallen Leaves

Regular mulching of garden with scarps, straws, fallen leaves, and sawdust significantly improves soil quality. With time, their fragments will be broken down by the action of microorganisms and will enrich the soil to a greater extent. They don’t only add the nutrients, but also improves soil structure, and so it's nutrient and water holding capacity, cation exchange capacity, anion exchange capacity, and soil aeration. Resultantly, a more feasible environment is created for microbial activities that in turn will perform several important functions.